In Botswana 80% of the households depend on wood fuel for their energy needs. Thus increased access to modern energy services, such as rural electrification, is one of the major targets of the energy policy. The objectives of the policy are to provide energy users access to appropriate and affordable energy services; improved energy efficiency; economically sustainable and efficient energy production, secure access to energy; environmentally and socially sustainable energy extraction, production, transport and use; and sustainable energy use in the long run.
Botswana has abundant coal resources but the energy efficiency in coal utilisation should be considerably improved. Of the renewable energy sources solar energy has the greatest potential in Botswana. A solar energy based rural electrification programme has been ongoing since 1997 with government support. Biogas is also a form of energy which has local potential. Currently the share of renewable energies (other than wood) of total consumption is only 0.3% but this is planned to be increased up to 1% by 2016 using solar energy. It is also planned to increase the share of biofuels up to 10% of the total fuels consumption by 2016.