Burundi has one of the least developed electrical infrastructures. Most of the electricity comes from two hydropower stations, which are severely overloaded and as a result, Burundi’s power supply is unreliable. Consequently many users increasingly turn to expensive diesel-fired backup generators. Burundi also suffers from extensive deforestation, as wood and charcoal account for vast majority of energy use. Development of the electricity sector has been outlined in the recently developed Energy Strategy and Action Plan (2011), which aims to (1) first repair and modernise all existing equipment; (2) reduce demand and power shortages; (3) develop national and regional hydropower resources; (4) form a national transmission system as well as resume rural electrification; (5) establish metal extraction industries to earn foreign exchange and meet the growing energy demand. Solar power receives a considerable share of attention, as a lot of social infrastructure is planned to be electrified with PV panels and in the longer term, solar power stations are planned for national- level electricity supply. Wind power is also seen to have some potential in Burundi. While there are master plans, there are no feasibility or pre-feasibility studies for specific projects.
EEP Projects in Burundi :