Swaziland imports 60% of the total national electricity demand. The major electricity source of Swaziland is hydropower. The bulk of the electricity imported comes from South Africa. Access to electricity in urban areas is 65% and in rural areas it is 44%. Overall, some 47% of the population is connected to the national grid and thus almost 61% of the total energy demand is produced with biomass.
Coal resources are planned to be exploited and agro-industrial waste (bagasse) is already being exploited for energy production to reduce the dependence on the imported energy. Also the hydro power capacity is planned to be expanded considerably. Different renewable energy forms are actively promoted by the Renewable Energy Unit in the Ministry of Natural Resources and Energy, especially in rural areas. Some piloting with biofuels in transportation sector has also been carried out. However, the limited know-how and financing capacity in the country have impeded full exploitation of the renewable energy potential. Furthermore, the national institutional and legal frameworks do not provide sufficient support for renewable energy development and use.