Swaziland imports 60% of the total national electricity demand. The major electricity source of  Swaziland is hydropower. The bulk of the electricity imported comes from South Africa. Access  to electricity in urban areas is 65% and in rural areas it is 44%. Overall, some 47% of the population  is connected to the national grid and thus almost 61% of the total energy demand is produced  with biomass.

Coal resources are planned to be exploited and agro-industrial waste (bagasse) is already being  exploited for energy production to reduce the dependence on the imported energy. Also the hydro  power capacity is planned to be expanded considerably. Different renewable energy forms  are actively promoted by the Renewable Energy Unit in the Ministry of Natural Resources and  Energy, especially in rural areas. Some piloting with biofuels in transportation sector has also  been carried out. However, the limited know-how and financing capacity in the country have impeded  full exploitation of the renewable energy potential. Furthermore, the national institutional  and legal frameworks do not provide sufficient support for renewable energy development and use.

EEP Projects in Swaziland: