Other Resources

Repair, refurbishment & circular economy


Lighting Global Eco Design Note, Issue 6: Renewable Energy Product Repair, Part 1 Overview

Lighting Global Eco Design Note, Issue 7: Product Repair Part II: Manufacturer Best Practices

Ellen MacArthur Foundation: Circular Consumer Electronics: An Initial Exploration

PACE: A New Circular Vision for Electronics Time for a Global Reboot

Academic writing


Batteiger, Alexander. 2015. ‘Towards a Waste Management System for Solar Home Systems in Bangladesh’. In Decentralized Solutions for Developing Economies, 133–40. Springer Proceedings in Energy. Springer, Cham.

Cross, Jamie, and Declan Murray. 2018. ‘The Afterlives of Solar Power: Waste and Repair off the Grid in Kenya’. Energy Research & Social Science 44 (October): 100–109.

Fthenakis, Vasilis M. 2000. ‘End-of-Life Management and Recycling of PV Modules’. Energy Policy, The viability of solar photovoltaics, 28 (14): 1051–58.

Andreas Manhart, T.A., Gilbert Kuepouo, Diana Mathai, Silvani Mng’Anya, & Schleicher, T. 2016. The deadly business – Findings from the Lead Recycling Africa Project. Oeko-Institut e.V., Merzhauser Str. 173, 79100 Freiburg, Germany. May 2016.

The materials in this e-waste toolkit have been developed for EEP Africa’s portfolio in partnership with CLASP, an international organization improving the energy and environmental performance of the appliances and equipment we use every day.

Nordic Development Fund