UNU: Global E-waste Monitor 2020: Quantities, Flows, and the Circular Economy Potential
Efficiency for Access:
Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition: Towards a Just and Sustainable Solar Industry
Duke University: Off-Grid Solar E-Waste: Impacts & Solutions in East Africa
Lighting Global Eco Design Note, Issue 6: Renewable Energy Product Repair, Part 1 Overview
Lighting Global Eco Design Note, Issue 7: Product Repair Part II: Manufacturer Best Practices
Ellen MacArthur Foundation: Circular Consumer Electronics: An Initial Exploration
Lighting Global Eco Design Note: Restriction of Hazardous Substances and Pico-powered Lighting Products
Lighting Global Eco Design Note: Battery Toxicity and Eco Product Design
Batteiger, Alexander. 2015. ‘Towards a Waste Management System for Solar Home Systems in Bangladesh’. In Decentralized Solutions for Developing Economies, 133–40. Springer Proceedings in Energy. Springer, Cham.
Cross, Jamie, and Declan Murray. 2018. ‘The Afterlives of Solar Power: Waste and Repair off the Grid in Kenya’. Energy Research & Social Science 44 (October): 100–109.
Fthenakis, Vasilis M. 2000. ‘End-of-Life Management and Recycling of PV Modules’. Energy Policy, The viability of solar photovoltaics, 28 (14): 1051–58.
Andreas Manhart, T.A., Gilbert Kuepouo, Diana Mathai, Silvani Mng’Anya, & Schleicher, T. 2016. The deadly business – Findings from the Lead Recycling Africa Project. Oeko-Institut e.V., Merzhauser Str. 173, 79100 Freiburg, Germany. May 2016.
The materials in this e-waste toolkit have been developed for EEP Africa’s portfolio in partnership with CLASP, an international organization improving the energy and environmental performance of the appliances and equipment we use every day.